Shodasa means sixteen and varga means a part or division. The shodasa vargas or sixteen divisional charts are a powerful technique used in Vedic astrology to understand the true nature of an individual. Each varga focuses on a different area of life and together they represent the complete picture, reflecting human consciousness from reality to the subconscious. The shodasa vargas are a specialized technique and it is essential for all students of Vedic astrology to study them.
Divisional charts are like mini horoscopes which are created by dividing each sign of natal chart (D-1) into a number of sections. For example, an important and widely used divisional chart “dashamsa (d-10) is created by dividing each sign of D-1 into 10 equal parts.
If you don’t know how divisional charts look like, you can refer the image given below which contains Hora(d-2), Drekkna(d-3), Chaturthamsha(d-4), Saptamsha(d-7) and Navamsha(d-9) divisional charts in it..
A Horoscope reading in Vedic astrology is incomplete without the use of Divisional Charts. In fact, many people do a big mistake by ignoring divisional charts completely.
Same divisional charts can easily test the ability of an astrologer because they are complex to understand and there are no standard rules available which can help in their interpret divisional charts.
There are 12 signs in astrology and each sign rises for 2 hours in the eastern horizon which is also called as the ascendant sign.
Now, those who are born in that frame of 2 hours will have the same ascendant sign and there can be hundred thousands of people who have the same natal house and chart(D-1).
Despite that, they don’t share the same destiny and every aspect of their life is different than from others. Not even twins share same destiny or life patterns. Clearly, there is something which creates a difference in the destiny of people even if they share the exact date of birth, time and place.
It happens because of Divisional charts because ascendant of Divisional Charts changes very fast and sometimes even of few seconds of difference can change the ascendant of Divisional Charts completely which leads to different results of Dasha and planetary behavior.
Therefore it is best to deal with divisional charts if you want to pursue astrology seriously.
All divisional charts originate from natal birth chart also known as D-1. Where rising degrees of ascendant decides the ascendant of all divisional charts and same way planetary degrees of 9 planets in natal birth chart decides the position of planets in the divisional chart.
There are total 20 different types of divisional charts (excluding higher divisional charts D-81, D-108, D-144) which deal with specific houses and significations in a Horoscope and for their effective use, sages have developed four divisional charts schemes where certain no. of divisional charts are studied together.
Divisional Charts Schemes:
Out of these four, the most versatile and important is Shadashvarga.
Let’s discuss the Shadashvarga scheme along with significations ruled by divisional charts in it:
Apart from above mentioned divisional charts, there are few other Divisional charts known as non-parashari divisional charts which are as follows:
As you can see above there are many divisional charts and a question can arise in your mind is that which one is most important among them and which divisional chart holds most importance while judging the strength of planets.
The answer to this question is quite simple and one need to look into Vimshopk Bala allotted to each division charts.
In Shodashvarga ( the group of 16 divisional charts) following unit of strength is allotted to divisional charts.
Note: unit represents the Vimshopak Bala allotted to divisional chart.
As you can see Natal Birth Chart, Navamsa and Shastiamsa charts have higher Vimshopak Bala and surprisingly Shastiamsa (D-60) have more Vimshopak Bala then any other Divisional chart.
Not just in Shodashvarga scheme, even in dasvarga scheme Shastiamsa is alloted 4 units where as main birth chart(D-1) & navamsa(D-9) have 3.5 and 4 units are alloted to them respectively.
All this proves that following divisional charts should be given more importance:
Divisional charts are the basis of planetary strength calculation which is known as Shadbala.
A planet in Divisional Charts can be placed in following signs:
But since we are dealing with multiple divisional charts here and we would like to examine the combined strength of a planet in many divisional charts. For that, we need some system where we can easily gauge the strength of planets from divisional charts.
To make things easy, sages has given a beautiful and easy method where planets placed in exaltation or own sign in divisional charts is considered as BENEFICIALLY placed.
In this system, a special nomenclature is used for planets which indicate its strength to bestow good results.
These special nomenclatures are as follow:
Note: Varga is used here instead of the divisional chart.
Adopting this method can easily help you to gauge the strength of a planet and you will be able to predict results of Dasha more effectively.
While judging any horoscope we always look into Dasha to predict the outcome of any Dasha.
The first step here is the condition of Dasha Lord in natal chart(D-1) and based on that some broad conclusions are made. Now, to get into more details we need to look into Divisional Charts where lordship of Dasha lord and its placement is divisional charts are checked thoroughly using standard rules of astrology.
Now, to get into more details we need to look into Divisional Charts where lordship of Dasha lord and its placement is divisional charts are checked thoroughly using standard rules of astrology. It may happen that Dasha lord is debilitated or afflicted in the natal chart but in Divisional Charts is strong and well placed. In such a case, your prediction for certain dasha will not be correct because attention was not given to divisional charts.
Make sure you use them in your all horoscope readings.
So far we have covered different types of Divisional Charts, its importance, methods of computation and their usages.
Now the most important topics which are required to discuss is rules for examination of divisional charts or in simple words we need some guidelines which can help one to read divisional charts.
Though there are different rules for each Divisional Chart but there are some set rules which are universally applicable to all divisional charts.
Let’s explore these rules along with examples.
The above-mentioned rules are very important and work all the time and from my own experiences, I have felt that people get scared to use divisional charts which lead to wrong predictions in astrology.
You should never hesitate to use divisional charts and try to find new ways to utilize them properly.
But there are certain errors which comes into play while using divisional charts which I will discuss now.
This particular topic has to be covered here because in the excitement you may start using divisional charts and due to errors confusions will bound to happen.
Divisional charts are the soul of astrology, they allow us to dissect a horoscope at a very minute level and brings wonderful results which are not possible by using natal chart alone. If not all, at least divisional charts like drekkana(d-3), navamsa(d-9) and dashamsa(d-10) should be analyzed and mastered properly because they deal with important life affairs, have higher Vimposhak bala and have a major say in results of dasha, without them astrology is incomplete.